WOIN Questions about positional modifiers in combat

We had our first combat recently in one of the games I'm playing with, and we had some confusion and debate about how some positional modifiers applied (or didn't) in certain situations.
  1. Do ranged and melee fighting characters count as "attackers" for each other when considering flanking and crossfire? That is, can an allied melee fighter contribute to a ranged attacker's crossfire bonus if they're at least 90 degrees apart? (The ranged attacker would have a "firing into melee" penalty, but a crossfire bonus, if it applied, would partially offset it.) Can a ranged attacker who's on the opposite side of an enemy give a melee character a flanking bonus? Or do crossfire bonuses only come from other friendly ranged attackers and flanking bonuses only come from other friendly melee attackers?
  2. How do flanking/crossfire modifiers deal with characters that move after attacking? In our party, one of the characters is a Zetan, so she gets an extra action every turn but can still only move or attack with two actions (if the first two actions were the same, the extra action needs to be used for something different). Often she'd attack twice, then make a move afterwards, and we weren't sure if that changed how the flanking/crossfire bonuses would apply. Should we use her location when she made her attacks, or her position at the time the crossfire was attempted?
  3. Is there normally a penalty for ranged weapons firing an an adjacent enemy? The "sidearm" weapon trait says that weapons with it "do not suffer a penalty for firing at an adjacent target in melee" (they get a bonus instead), but I don't see any rule actually saying what the penalty is. Is it considered "firing into melee" even if there is no ally involved? How about if the enemy is also using a ranged weapon rather than a melee weapon? (And now I'm envisioning a gun-kata style fight with rifles taking place at melee range, which would be really cool.)


Well, that was fun
Staff member
Yikes. I count 9 questions there! I promise to answer them, but it might take a day or so! :)


Well, that was fun
Staff member
But quickly —

Flanking and crossfire are not the same thing and are treated separately.

If you move after attacking, you’re no longer crossfiring. Last action.

You are still firing into melee if you are the one in melee.
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This is inspired by the wolves Pack attack exploit: [FONT=&quot]When 3 or more wolves are adjacent to the victim, the victim becomes overwhelmed, and is rendered Fatigued at the start of its turn.

So I think this answers the question. It is not that your attack is giving your teammates a direct bonus but that it's pulling/ shifting the focus or attention of the person being attacked. So a NPC with 360 vision can't be flanked because they can pay attention to everything around themselves (duh).

In essence! Whenever a PC/NPC is attacked in the round, that's their attention moved/altered/disrupted, so that Zetan PC interrupted the monster, therefore flanking/crossfire would work.

With that, I officially disagree with Morrus' ruling[/FONT]